Sneak-Peek: Brief History for Search Engines – Part I

Search engines serve as a tool to find and organize distributed information available over the web. Before search engines, the internet was like File Transfer Protocol (FTP), where users used to navigate for a shared file. Due to the growth in the list of web servers, the World Wide Web turned into an interface providing a choice to access the internet, which leads to the increase of search engine requirements. Search engines were developed to easily navigate the available files over the internet through web servers.

Talking about the past, the first search engine was developed as a school project by Alan Emtage, student at McGill University in Montreal. And according to SEO Company Phoenix, till 1990, the trend was changed since both web directories and search engines gained enormous popularity while being developed as a preferable method of internet search. For instance, the most popular search engine found in use today was in development phase between 1993 and 1998.

The origination of search engines are listed below:

Excite – Originated in 1993

As a school project named as Architext, this search engine was born in February 1993 indulging six undergraduate students at Stanford University worked dedicatedly to improve the relevancy of performed searches over the internet. At the end of 1995, this school project led to the commercial launch of Excite. Due to the solid growth, Excite acquired web crawler and Magellan in 1996. At the end of 1990, Excited collaborated with MSN and Netscape providing exceptional search services.

After that, in 1999 Excite was sold to a provider of broadband named as which later became Excite@Home. Due to the significant debts, Excite@Home came across the bankruptcy in 2001 and after that, it sold to AT&T for $307 million. After a month, Infospace purchased Excite@Home on the bid of $10 million that also included its domain names and trademarks. Subsequently, Infospace powered a website for Excite and sold its other aspects to iWon. And as per the deal, Infospace assimilated the rights for its Webcrawler. (Previously Ask Jeeves) bought in 2004, whereas nowadays it is serving as meta search tool displaying the results from pay per click ads and natural search tools.

Yahoo – Originated in 1994

Yahoo! was started in 1994. Initially, it was considered as a highly regarded directory of sites which was managed by the human editors. This Yahoo’s directory embraced with an extensive list of websites maintained by the regional directories. In the initial period of 2001, Yahoo started charging fees for the addition in directory listing. With this process, a number of websites added into the directory and Yahoo also generated additional revenue.

Previously, the Yahoo accessed secondary search engines in order to support its directory and in the year 2002, Yahoo switched its process into crawler-based listing for the search results. Later in 2004, Yahoo! bought some of the aspects such as Overture’s pay per click service, AltaVista, AlltheWeb and Inktomi’s search database. With all the elements, Yahoo combined its tool and came up with its own search listing which is now referred as search index. Today, Overture is renamed as Yahoo! Search Marketing that works for Yahoo’s paid search advertising revenue. Till now, it has been observed by SEO Company San Francisco that Yahoo’s directory remains as one of the top indexes which is operating the search listings.

There are many other names in this listing, which will be revealed in the next part of this post. To be continued… Part II

So, stay tuned with 10seos!


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